Designer Quick Profile: Elsa Schiaparelli
September 10, 1890 – November 13, 1973
- Born in Rome, Italy
- Studied philosophy at the University of Rome
- First got attention with her sweater design which featured a tromp l’oi scarf around the neckline. The sweater was ordered by Lord & Taylor and featured in Vogue magazine.
- Schiaparelli was the first to use synthetic materials like rayon jersey and cellophane in couture.
- Schiaparelli regarded fashion as an art form and dresses and collaborated with many of her friends in the Parisian avant garde art scene.
- Responsible for costuming of thirty movies such as Pygmalion, Every Day’s a Holiday, Jump for Glory, and The Beloved Vagabond
- Scarf neck sweater, 1927
- Wrap dress, 1930
- Glass cape, 1934, made of Rhodophane
- Lamb chop hat
- Shoe hat, 1937 (collaboration with Salvador Dalí)
- The “divided skirt”, a precursor to shorts, similar to culottes
- Lobster print dress, 1937 (collaboration with Salvador Dalí)
- Reversible black/white gown
- Visable zippers and zippers as embelishment
- Use of whimsical buttons (tamborine, hands, vegetables, etc.)
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